What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder?
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a kind of depression. It's believed to be related to the changing seasons, beginning and ending more or less the same time each year.
For most people, symptoms begin sometime around the fall and continued into winter. It eats away at your energy making you feel lethargic, moody, and shall we say – SAD.
If you have suffered from the “winter blues”, it could well have been SAD. It's important to be aware of because during these times, when you are feeling down, sometimes other maladies sneak in.
But there is a difference between having the winter blues and SAD.
Between September and March, many people do experience symptoms of having the ‘winter blues’. They don’t enjoy the darker mornings, the shorter days, eating more or going to work in the dark.
But when you have SAD, the feelings mentioned above are actually heightened and you can experience even more symptoms.
How is SAD Diagnosed?
There aren’t any medical tests which help a doctor diagnose you with SAD.
Health care professionals typically diagnose you with SAD if you have depression at the same time every year… Especially if you do not experience episodes during other seasons. Sometimes doctors won't even make a diagnosis until you have 2 or 3 seasons in a row with the same symptoms.
SAD is a bit tricky in that often, you kind of have to suffer through two winters of depression to diagnose it.
If the SAD symptoms are severe, doctors might prescribe antidepressants such as Paxil, or Zoloft, or Prozac. But, my advice is to steer clear of pharmaceuticals and instead treat it naturally.
Drugs have so many side effects that bypass natural bodily processes, so don't take them unless it is absolutely necessary! You will never heal your body or mind with a chemical.
Instead, you can use these 10 best treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder. They come from natural sources and are prescription free.
Common SAD Symptoms
These are some of the most common SAD symptoms to watch for:
- Feelings of sadness
- Feeling irritable
- Little energy
- Inability to concentrate
- Weight gain or loss
Symptoms and levels of intensity can vary from person to person.
Who is Likely to Get SAD?
- The closer a person lives to the equator, the less likely they will develop SAD. So a person who lives in California or Florida might not have symptoms, but then start experiencing them if they move north. SAD affects 9.5% of the people in northern Finland and 9.9% of the population in Alaska. But it affects only 1.4% in sunny Florida. Last year in Moscow, people enjoyed just 6 minutes of sunshine in December compared to the 18 hours they normally get.
- Research shows that women are actually four times more likely to have this problem over men.
- The rates of SAD are also high for those who work night time and evening shift over those who do it during the day. Those people who work for extended periods without the sun in their lives like miners or those in submarines; are more likely to feel the effects of SAD.
- Sometimes alcohol abusers or people with mood disorders are also at greater risk of developing SAD.
- There is a difference between those classified with traditional depression and those with SAD symptoms. People with SAD are known to want to eat more, and they are inclined to gain weight with increased cravings for sweets and carbohydrates. Those who suffer from depressive symptoms usually have decreased appetite.
- Research from the National Institute of Mental Health believes that SAD occurs because people don’t get enough light. This led to the development of phototherapy. Light therapy has shown to be very successful in treating those with SAD. 80% of people noted that many of their symptoms were less after as little as 4 days of full-on light therapy for just 2 hours a day.
It is still not completely understood what causes SAD
Unfortunately, specific causes of seasonal affective disorder still are not fully known. But there are some factors that might be of importance, such as:
1. Disruption of your biological clock (circadian rhythm)
With reduced levels of sunlight, particularly in the fall and winter, SAD can “set in”. This is because decreased sunlight can disrupt the internal clock.
2. Serotonin levels drop off
The neurotransmitters of your brain drop and this can affect your mood and play a role in bringing on SAD. Reduced sunlight causes a drop in serotonin which can trigger off depression.
3. Melatonin levels change
Changes in the seasons can disrupt the balance of the body’s levels of melatonin. This can play a role in mood and sleeping patterns.
Are There Risk Factors to SAD?
As mentioned above, SAD is more in women than in men. It also appears to manifest itself more in younger people than in older people. Take a look at some factors that might increase the risks of SAD:
You have a family history: People with SAD might well have family who has experienced SAD or other types of depression.
You have either had bipolar disorder or major depression. SAD can get worse if you have had any of these conditions.
You live far from the equator. SAD is more prevalent in people who live far north or south of the equator due to decreased sunlight.
If you suffer from SAD, it is not something to take lightly. Unless it is dealt with, it can get worse. Here are some problems that can come your way if you allow it to carry on:
- You withdraw from the social scene
- You suffer from problems at school, college, or work
- There is substance abuse
- You can suffer from further mental issues like anxiety or eating disorders
- Your behavior could be suicidal or you have suicidal thoughts
Fortunately, there are natural treatments for seasonal affective disorder which can help and also prevent it.
10 Best Natural Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder
1. Good Digestion
When you improve your digestion, your health and well-being naturally improve. Digestion is the process of taking the intelligence of food and transforming it into you. If you are eating and digesting well, the result is healthy brain cells and body tissue.
2. Nutritional Solutions
- Omega-3 and 6 Fatty acids will help to support the nervous system, cognitive function, and hormonal balance
- Plenty of the B Vitamins to help the nervous system function at its best and to produce healthy hormones
- Probiotics for healthy gut flora
- It is important that you take an alkaline or anti-inflammatory diet
- CBD products – Many studies support the fact that CBD helps address symptoms of SAD. Insomnia and anxiety are the two major symptoms you can treat effectively with CBD.
3. Restorative, Restful Sleep
Don't ever resign yourself to insomnia. Sleep is one of the three pillars of health and your health and happiness will be weakened unless you get adequate restorative sleep.
You may not feel like exercising when you don't feel well, but if you want to be healthy, happy, and mentally fit, exercise is vital. Feeling unmotivated is part of the illness, so it makes sense that exercising is a part of the cure.
When you are active, you increase the chemicals in the brain that make you feel good, easing up on the depressive feelings and also brain fog.
Just walking 30 minutes on a treadmill for 10 days in a row can significantly reduce your feelings of depression.
Research shows too, that it’s the consistency of doing exercises regularly that is more beneficial for you than the length of your exercise routine or the intensity of it – when you get the most positive results – remember to keep moving.
Meditation stimulates the pineal glad. One of the theories about SAD is the disturbance of this gland. The pineal gland is involved in the regulation of serotonin and melatonin responsible for happy feelings and relaxation.
If you find it difficult to find the time to meditate or have trouble quieting your mind, I recommend Zen12 which uses brainwave entrainment. I wrote it about it here because it was a lifesaver for me at a difficult time when I was having difficulty with an extra chatty mind.
6. Get Outside
Try and sleep with your curtains open to get the sunshine in. When you see the rays of the sunshine, your body and brain will thank you for this natural tonic. And it will be even better if you can do your exercises outside as well… or try moving meditation!
7. Yoga Nidra
Yoga Nidra accesses your deepest, slowest brain waves, allowing your nervous system to recalibrate itself. If you are feeling restless or anxious in your body or mind, try Yoga Nidra to find peace in a short period of time.
Every system of your body can benefit from massage. Not only does it relax muscles, massage lowers heart rate and blood pressure and increases the output of endorphins to make you feel happy.
You can easily learn how to give yourself a self-massage here.
9. The Lightbox or Happy Lamp
Light therapy gives you exposure to artificial light that is bright enough for you to enjoy during the winter months. SAD patients can use light therapy every day, from the start of their symptoms until the spring when more often than not, the SAD resolves.
Most SAD patients need around 15-30 minutes of this light therapy every day and notice an improvement in the way they feel after 2-4 days already, with big improvements being felt within 2 weeks.
It is recommended that patients stay consistent with their treatment during the winter months. In fact, it is crucial.
It is often recommended that the lightbox treatments occur in the morning because if it used in the evening, people might find it difficult to fall asleep. You can get light therapy boxes without prescription.
10. Dawn Simulators
Dawn Simulators are devices to help people with Seasonal affective disorder. Rather than waking you up with a chime or music, they gradually release the intensity of light, just like the sun.
There are many models of dawn simulators, but the best ones have full-spectrum light, which is the closest to natural sunlight. The Journal of Affective Disorders published a study stating that Russian researchers found dawn simulators were as effective as light therapy for those with mild SAD.
Conclusion of 10 Best Natural Treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder
If you think that you could be at risk of seasonal affective disorder, reach out to family and friends as well as a health professional. They might not be able to diagnose you in your first season, but if you believe that SAD could be “taking hold of you”, try these natural treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder.
A 2013 study showed that by using light boxes beginning 30 minutes before waking up improved people's cognitive performance and mood for the rest of the day after that.
And British rowing, swimming, and cycling teams use dawn simulators on their athletes to help them in their early morning training sessions.
Today, light therapy boxes or other devices aren’t seen as strange voodoo science says Ruth Jackson from Lumie, a company that was one of the first in line to make sunrise alarms.
When it gets dark, the body produces more melatonin, preparing it to sleep. The dawn light suppresses the melatonin, waking people up and giving them a boost for their day ahead. It’s called the circadian rhythm – it’s our internal body clock. And it’s often why experts believe that the blue light produced on our smartphones interfere with our sleeping patterns.
But, red light helps us to relax. Today you can get an app that works like a smart light bulb and which changes the colors. Bedside lamps, too, are now being turned into sunrise alarms which turn red for night time going to bed.
Certainly, no one is claiming that light alone cures clinical depression and other types of depression. There is starting to be growing evidence that if we manage our lighting, we can improve our sleep patterns and also put some vigor into your step. It’s time to see the light and banish those winter blues.